What is the leading cause of plantar fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation caused to a thick band of tissues connecting heel bone and the toes. This condition will be painful. The arch, which is supported by the band of the tissues (plantar fascia) in our foot, in normal cases, will act as a shock-absorbing bowstring. These will get small scratches in them when more tension and stress is applied to it. When this happens repetitively, causing too many scratches over time, it will make the fascia get inflamed  and cause pain to the heel.

Abnormal movement of the foot, which is scientifically termed as excessive pronation, leads to plantar fasciitis. In general, when you walk or run, your foot will strike the ground on the outside edge of the heel, and then rolls in, moving towards your toes at this stage, your arch should flatten slightly. But, if you flatten too much, you will have excessive pronation, which causes plantar fasciitis.

The age factor is another cause for this. It is typically found in the people between the age group of 40 and 60. People, who land improperly, giving excess stress to the plantar fascia, like marathon runners, ballet and aerobic dancers are majorly affected.

Abnormal walking patterns will affect the Fascia, causing a tear in the tissue. If you gain more weight, it will stress your plantar fascia, thereby putting you at risk for developing plantar fasciitis. Walking on the hard stone surface or standing rigid for a long period without giving rest to the heels may also affect the fascia.